Transcription and Photos of a Letter
Written from Cahawba, Dallas Co., AL
by a Ms. Caroline A. White (Whit?) (with a footnote by Ms. C. L. Hills)
to their friend Ms. Permelia Scogin (Siogin?)
in Evergreen, Conecuh County, AL
May 1845

I now have this letter in my possession as of May 2003.

The letter is a single piece of paper approx. 10" x 15.5" which has been folded vertically in two, creating the four pages, each approx. 8 x 10.   After the letter was written, the resulting 8 x 10 four-page letter was then folded horizontally twice to the center, about 2.5" from and parallel to the 8" edges, creating a 5" x 8" package.

This resulting package was then folded vertically twice more, about 2.5" from and parallel to the 5" edges, creating a 3" x 5" package.  This was apparently sealed with a bit of wax (now gone, only the stain remaining), addressed (as appears below), and mailed (as evidence by a faded postmark and handwritten mailing authorization of some kind, presumably by the post office.

In this transcription, I have ended each line with the same word as did the writer.


May 19, 1845

Addressed to:

Miss Permelia (Scogin?)
Connecuh (sic) Co.

                                                        Cahawba May 14th 1845
My very dear Permelia
                    Your kind and very affectionate Epistle
sent by William Fay was received in due time, and perused with
such pleasure and satisfaction, it affords me much pleasure
to hold intercourse with friends, with absent friends through the
medium of letters, and particularly with one who is so dearly
loved as my good friend Permelia. I often think of you, and
P how I wish you were a little nearer so that we could see
you occasionly.  We are much obliged to you for the news
communicated in your letter.  Then the celebrated Dr. Eldridge
has really departed, has he? Wonder if Evergreen was not delluged (sic)
with tears on account of his absence.  Who supplies his place or
is it impossible to get it fully supplied.  I am glad to hear a
good account of the Merchants, expect you are their particular
friend, how often does Mr. Deerfield charm you with his Music these
days. Well my dear P, you have really taken my beau (the widow-
er) from me, have you?  Suppose I shall have to give him up
for I think you would make him the best wife. Now I want
you to tell him I think you are just the one for him, will suit
him to an iota, and on the other hand, I think he is just the
one for you.  Now if you only both agree, what is to prevent there
being a wedding, but you must promise to put it off till September
when I am coming to see you, so I can be bridesmaid, won't
that do?  if he wants any more recommendation, tell him just to apply
to me, I will give him enough to satisfy him. Am glad to hear your
school is doing so well, hope it will continue to prosper for I shall
ever feel a deep interest in the Evergreen Academy, should like to attend
your examination in June but it will be impossible-----------------------
May 14th -- My dear friend this letter was commenced more than 5 weeks since
and got cold cold.  I have a good mind to throw it aside and begin anew
but want of time will compell (sic) me to finish it as it is, so dear you must
excuse me this time, and not attribute our long delay in answering your
very kind letter to want of affection for you, for this is not the case.  No my
dear friend you are not forgotten, and I feel that you will ever hold
a prominent place in my affections-- My time and thoughts have been
so much taken up since I came to Cahawba that I have but precious
little time for letter writing, but this will not always be the case for
in 7 weeks from this time, we shall be freed from the care and responsibility
of school, and spend the next 8 months in visiting our dear and much loved
friends in Autauga, Dayton, and Selma, and shall hope to give you a call
at Evergreen.  Our examination takes place the 2nd or 3rd of July, a Concert
on the evening of the 3rd, now why cannot you attend and go from here
to Rocky Mount with us.  We would be most delighted to have you,
do come?  Sister H would be very happy to have you visit her;  I think
you would like Cahawba, it has been very gay this winter, there has not
a week passed that we have not had two or three parties, or weddings
so it has kept us constantly going, and then it is visiting all the rest
of the time, had a large Fair last week.  So do you wonder we have
not found time to write.  I am sure you would not could you see how
much we have to do. How is dear Mrs. and Mr. (Moesle?), how much
I would like to see them once more.  Give a sweet kiss to Polly and little
Maggy tell them they must not forget their old friend do they sing now
days?  I am told you have a name sake recently come to town, expect
she is just like her Aunt P., hope so!   You must bring her up in the
"Nutter".   Say to your brother Benjamin, he must excuse us for not mentioning
his name in a former letter, for it was entirely a mistake.  Was not intended
please give my best respects to him, should be happy to see him with you at our examination,
I shall regret much to leave Cahawba for we have many dear and good
friends here, to which I am much attached.  I can't think of teaching longer
though Mr. Ike Donell is very unwilling to give us up, has tried every means
in his power to keep us another year, but you know I am determined
not to teach, would you?   Caroline
Dear friend P.  I do really feel if a long apology was ever due any one, it is
you, for this long neglect, you have doubtless uttered some hard sayings against us &
had many conjectures as to the cause of our silence, but I know you will forgive &
even return good for evil by writing a long letter immediately.  This teaching in town, does
indeed rob one of leisure moments, & make us neglect, but not forget our friends.
Evergreen friends can never be forgotten, indeed, and I do hope you will never attribute my silence
to that cause.  We were highly gratified by the reception or your good letter and thankful for all the
good news it contained.  There was one item, however, you left under deep shade, and as
Cousin Wm. could throw no light on the subject, I am as yet ignorant of the honorable
personage who was so wise as to "keep all to himself".  To you I must look for the
solution to the mystery----------.  Now I wonder how you are all flourishing about
these times. -- Evergreen, as green & beautiful as ever -- its good citizens as kind,
peaceful, & happy --  Merchants as musical polite &c, Dr. gone!  school flourishing,
amusements as rare,  and all as steady & sober minded as of old. -- and
you dear P. not taken off by "the widower" yet!!  This is a strange world--  I have
a plan for you -- well, just in sight, is being built one of the finest houses in Cahawba.
Well the proprietor thereof is on a sharp lookout for a Rib, his own dear one
having a few years since taken a fit to leave him & his two daughters to take
care of themselves, & she, poor creature not long since died.  Now this is a chance
shall I speak for you.  Suppose you come to our examination & see for yourself
he will be sure to "fall in love" as the saying is.--  Do you spend the summer in E.
or are you going North with me.  I shall probably leave the 2d week in July
and should I not, be more than happy to have your company.  I feel very anxious
as the time approaches, though I do much regret leaving my friends in Ala.
but this is a world of meeting and parting, and I almost feel it wrong to form
any close attachments in life, for these must eventually be broken, & it
is a painful trial, did we not all find it so at E. on that memorable night?
I should be more than delighted to visit Evergreen before I leave, but the lateness
of the season will prevent any delay, and I must leave without seeing you
but I shall hope to have the friendship we have formed for each other perpetuated by
a regular correspondence.  Now what shall I say to your good sister & her little ones.
You and they know I would love to step in & take supper tonight & after that a dish of
discourse.   How is the Miss Permelia 2d give her a kiss for me. & my little Maggy 40
Polly must write me.  Best regards to Mr. & Mrs. M. & to your brother say, if it were
only last year (Leap year) he should have a long letter to pay for past remisness (sic).
Tell us about the school, for we feel an interest in it.
Dear P. you know I sayd (sic) when I left E nothing would prevent my
going North this summer but I have now about given it up it will
be so late before I can get away, could not be ready to go before
the last of July so have concluded to put it off till next May.
Do give much love to Mrs. Perryman and family Mr. (Stalworth's?) family
and Mr. (Godbolds?) and in fact all my acquaintances and friends
in Evergreen.  Tell Pobby she must write to us a kiss to that little Permelia
Please excuse the haste in which this has been written for
time is dearer with us  -- Caroline
Just received
a letter from
Mrs. (Mary? Macy? Tracy?) she
is well and
all the family.
Now my dear
friend we
shall expect
an answer
to this letter
forth with
so don't disap-
point us--
Please accept
my best wishes
for your health
and happiness
and believe
me your
C. A. White (Whit?)

Shall hope to see you
in July
Write soon, all the news, all that interests yourself & How is Mrs. Perryman   love to
her particularly & in fact to all the neighbors  Is E. (Godholt? Godbalt?) married yet.  Tell her
I am so busy now in preparing for examination & going home, I have hardly time to
take breath or food wish you could have been here this winter.  think you
would have enjoyed the life & parties better than the dull monotony of E.
We as teachers have in a measure kept aloof from them, the example being bad
for our scholars who are too gay & forward, but time hastens & we must soon
all part again perhaps no more to meet.  Yours affectionately C. L. Hills
(written at sun down)

Here are photos of the pages themselves.
Please click on a page to magnify it to facilitate study.

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Conecuh County AlArchives History .....History of Conecuh County 1881
Copyright. All rights reserved.

File contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives by Joy Fisher sdgenweb@yahoo.com May 25, 2004


Present Representative Men of Conecuh-Rev. Andrew Jay-Dr. J. L. Shaw, etc.

Approaching, as we are, the conclusion of our county history, so thrillingin historic event, and so conspicuous in the biography of prominent spirits,
it has been thought proper to devote attention to those who are at present recognized as the representative men of Conecuh. Prominent among these is


who is a native of the county, and has shared largely in its fortunes and
its reverses. He was born within three miles of his present home, at Jayvilla, on
February 16th, 1820. His father was one of the earliest emigrants to the county,
and upon his removal hither was quite poor. But he was not lacking in
those qualities of industry and economy, which invariably find expression in
accumulation. His father surrounded himself and family with a competency of
life's necessities. His son was early taught the habits of industry, and has
led quite an active life. His mental acquirements were secured within the
narrow compass presented by the school facilities of his boyhood days. When he
had attained man-hood the academy was established at
, and for three
successive sessions,
he studied there with vast advantage to himself.
his marriage to Miss Ashley-daughter of Capt. Wilson Ashley-he devoted his
attention to planting. At different periods of his life he has been elevated
to positions of trust and distinction. During the period when considerable
attention was bestowed upon the organization of an efficient militia, Mr. Jay
was selected as the major of a battalion. He was successively commissioner of
roads and revenue, tax assessor and Representative to the General Assembly.
For two consecutive terms he served Conecuh in the Legislature. Mr. Garrett,
in his "Reminiscences of Public Men of Alabama," pays him a deserved
compliment when he speaks of his ability as a legislator, and the marked
attention bestowed by himself upon the interests with which his position was
invested. Up to the period of the formal emancipation of the slaves, Mr. Jay
had gathered about him a respectable fortune. And during the period of his
prosperity, his liberality was proverbial. Whatever enterprise was inaugurated
for the public weal, found a generous response at the hands of Mr. Jay. No one
advocated with more profound earnestness the establishment of the railroad
through Conecuh, than did he. He was one of the most liberal contributors to
the enterprise. He gave largely to the endowment of Howard College, and the
Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, at Louisville, Kentucky.

Aided by his noble wife, he found peculiar delight, during the war, in
raising supplies of clothing and food for the Confederate soldiers, and
shipping them to their distant encampments. Perhaps no one in the county has
suffered more keenly the misfortunes entailed by the war, than Mr. Jay. Like
many others, he was left by the cessation of hostilities, involved in
financial embarrassments, arising mainly from security obligations. The
burdens which he has borne would have crushed the spirit of many another man;
but he has borne all with philosophic and Christian fortitude, and now the
dawn of a brighter day is beginning to tinge the darkness of years. After
retiring from the political arena, Mr. Jay was ordained to the Baptist
ministry, and now his attention is divided between the farm and the pulpit.
Throughout his life, his career has been such as should excite the profoundest
admiration. He never swore an oath; was never engaged in a fight; was never
intoxicated; never gambled in the least; was prompt in meeting all
appointments made by himself. He is said never to have refused lodging to any
one, upon application, except one time-then his family was quite sick, and the
applicant quite drunk. His life has been largely devoted to the weal of his


is a native of North Carolina. He was born in Robinson county, in that State,
on December 22nd, 1814. He was educated at Donaldson Academy, in Fayetteville,
North Carolina. After engaging in teaching for a period of years, in his
native State, he removed to Alabama in 1841, and taught again at Prattville.
Being desirous of fitting himself for the practice of medicine, he engaged to
study with Dr. Kelly, of Coosa county. Subsequently he attended lectures at
Louisville, Kentucky, returned to Alabama and practiced one year in Talladega,
and in April, 1845, removed to Conecuh and located at Evergreen. After his
marriage to Miss Permelia Crosby, he removed to Bellville, where, for quite a
number of years, he engaged in an extensive and lucrative practice. In 1858 he
removed to Pineville, Monroe county, thence to Evergreen in 1867, thence again
to Pineville, in 1868, and finally to Bellville, in 1874. He was, perhaps, the
first to suggest the preparation of the history of Conecuh. Dr. Shaw is
appreciated for his disinterestedness in the public good, and for the
uprightness of his daily life. Since his residence in the county, few men have
been more active than himself, in the promotion of every public interest.
Though quite advanced in years, he is still ardently devoted to the duties of
his favorite profession.


The subject of this sketch was born in Old Town Beat, five miles east of
, on April 4th, 1826. His educational training was commensurate with
the advantages enjoyed at that period. He was among the matriculates at the
Evergreen Academy in 1840. Here he was fitted for a collegiate course, but was
prevented taking such a course by the untimely death of a brother. By this
event the management of his father's estate fell completely upon himself. But
having naturally a sprightly mind, he continued to address himself to literary
pursuits, as he had opportunity. In September, 1847, he connected himself with
the Baptist Church at Evergreen, and shortly after became one of its deacons,
which position he has held to the present. He was married, in 1848, to Miss
Polly H. Stallworth, and at once turned his attention to planting. He was
regarded a successful planter during the palmiest period of that pursuit in
Conecuh. In 1856, we find him a citizen of Evergreen, whither he had removed
for the education of his children. Here he formed a partnership with S. A.
Barnett (now a citizen of Mobile), in a mercantile interest, which was
conducted with success until the beginning of the late war. For many years Mr.
Rabb was a member of the Commissioners' Court of the county, where he was
exceedingly scrupulous in regard to the expenditure of the people's money.
After the close of the war, he relinquished his farming interest, and embarked
in a timber enterprise in Escambia county, Florida, as the partner of W. D.
Mann. Here the failure of the contractors, under whose auspices the firm
operated, involved it in serious embarrassment, thereby rendering Mr. Rabb
unable to sustain that spirit of hospitality and benevolence for which he was
characteristic during more prosperous periods. In 1880, Mr. Rabb offered
himself to the people of Conecuh as a candidate for the Judgeship of the
Probate Court. He was, however, defeated by Judge Walker, a former incumbent
of the office, and the regular nominee of the people. The many virtues of Mr.
Rabb, his devotion to the public interest, and his intellectual
qualifications, make him one of the representative men of Conecuh.


This gentleman is a native Georgian. He was born in Fayette county, in that
State, on January 16th, 1833. His parents were poor-but his father, by no
means, humble in his influence. He was repeatedly elected to the State
Legislature. For his public services he realized but little remuneration, and
hence was unable to give his children the intellectual advantages which they
might have otherwise enjoyed. The subject of our sketch was the eldest of the
family of children, and upon him devolved the necessity of laboring upon the
farm for the support of the younger children. He was an industrious laborer
upon the farm until he was fully nineteen years of age, enjoying at brief
intervals the advantages of country schools. But with his father absent as a
public servant, and himself the first of a family of thirteen children, these
opportunities for scholastic training were exceeding scant. At the age of
nineteen, Dr. Robinson removed to McDonough, Georgia, where he attended a good
school for six months. On the 17th of August of that year, he was married to
Miss Josephine Moffett, of Crawford, Georgia. She is the cousin of Col. J. S.
Boynton, the President of the Georgia Senate.*
* In 1881

During the winter following his marriage, Dr. Robinson removed to Stewart
county, Georgia, and began work upon a little farm, in connection with
occasional intervals of school-teaching. In 1856 he sold his interest in
Georgia, and removed to Covington county, in this State, settling upon Pigeon
creek. In the midst of his varied reading he had acquired a peculiar fondness
for the investigation of the science of medicine. Resolving to adopt the
practice of medicine as a profession, he disposed of his place on Pigeon
creek, and removed to Brooklyn, for the purpose of pursuing a more systematic
course of study. Here, by stress of necessity, he was forced to divide his
time between his studies and labors in the wagon shop of D. M. Dodson-his
wife, meanwhile, assisting as teacher in the academy at Brooklyn. In 1857 and
1858 he attended lectures in Memphis, Tennessee. Here license to practice was
granted him, and he returned to his home, and entered at once his chosen
profession. In 1859 Dr. Robinson formed a partnership with Dr. John Scott; but
after a year's connection with this gentleman, the copartnership was dissolved
by the withdrawal of Dr. Scott. During the summer of 1859 Dr. Robinson
attended another course of lectures at Atlanta, Georgia. Returning to his
home, he found himself rapidly introduced into an extensive practice. For
several years his practice in the portion of the county in which he resided
was simply overwhelming. Declining health forced him gradually to retire.
Since his retirement from the duties of a physician, he has been honored by
the people of Conecuh during two different sessions with the position of
Representative to the General Assembly. In this capacity he has proved to be
quite useful, and has won for himself considerable distinction as a
legislator. He served Conecuh during the last session of the General Assembly.
Dr. Robinson is a gentleman of many sterling qualities. His usefulness has
been realized not only in direction of public affairs, but also in the sacred
matters of the church. He is profoundly interested in the spiritual elevation
of the masses. Possessing the highest sense of right, he is admirably fitted
to become a prominent director in all matters relating to the public weal.


familiarly known as "Nick," is the third child of Hon. James A. Stallworth. He
was born at Evergreen on the 9th of August, 1845, and hence is now but thirty-
six years of age. He left school at the early age of fourteen, to accompany
his father-then in declining health-to Washington. He spent the winters of
1859-'60-'61 in the National Metropolis. Returning with his father in 1861 to
Conecuh, he at once joined the "Conecuh Guards," though he was a lad of only
fifteen. His honored father accompanied him to Montgomery, and there meeting
several of his quondam associates in the United States Congress-who were then
members of the Confederate Congress --they proposed to secure for "Nick" the
commission of lieutenant in the regular army. This was communicated to him by
his father and friends; but the offer he politely refused, saying that he
preferred a place in the ranks with the companions of his boyhood days. Upon
the organization of the Fourth Alabama Regiment, he was found to be the
youngest member in the entire command. He went with the Fourth Alabama
Regiment to Virginia, and served in all the campaigns and battles in which it
participated until the battle of Cold Harbor, where he was wounded and
discharged. For some time prior to this he had been suffering from a bowel
affection, and was in feeble health when he received the wound. Returning to
his home, he found his mother stricken with grief by the double affliction of
the loss of her husband and eldest son. The mother communicated to her son the
dying request of his father, that if he should survive the bloody scenes of
the war, he should go at once to the University of Alabama and complete his
education. Regaining his health, "Nick" repaired to the University, and
entered the Junior Class, in 1863. But his university course was cut short by
sickness, and after an attendance of only eight months, he returned to his
home. After the recuperation of his health, again he was offered a position on
the staff of Gen. Samuel Adams. But before the offer was responded to, General
Adams was killed. He was also tendered a position on the staff of Gen. Thomas
C. Hindman, but declined. Subsequently he accepted the Adjutancy of the Twenty-
third Regiment of Alabama, then under the command of Maj. Nick Stallworth.
Leaving at once for Virginia, he reached Petersburg; but the communication
being cut between that place and Richmond, he was forced to turn his face
homewards after several vain attempts to reach his command. The death of his
brother-in-law, Captain Broughton, left him the oldest male member of the
family, and he was forced to remain at home by the sad dependency of the
family, combined with the shattered condition of his health. The war closing
soon after this, he found himself ladened with unusual responsibilities for
one so young. With no resources at command, he addressed himself with heroic
spirit to whatever his hands found to do. After varied struggles with adverse
circumstances, and hard labor with his own hands, for some time, he determined
to address himself to the study of law. This he did with P. D. Page, Esq., and
was soon admitted to practice.

In 1872, and again in 1874, he was chosen Representative from Conecuh to
the Legislature. At the session of 1875-'76 he was elected Solicitor of the
Eleventh Judicial Circuit. In this circuit he had to cope with many of the
ablest legal spirits of the State, and yet his course was attended with
remarkable success from the beginning. By the respectfulness of his
deportment, and the urbanity of his disposition, he won the esteem of his
legal brethren in all parts of the circuit; and by his efficiency and
impartiality as a judicial officer, he secured almost universal popular
esteem. He is justly regarded one of the most promising young men in the State.


Pinckney Downie Bowles is a native of South Carolina. His place of birth
was Edgefield District. He received his educational training at the Citadel of
Charleston, South Carolina, and at the University of Virginia. His collegiate
course completed, he returned to his native State, and engaged in the study of
law under Gen. Samuel McGowan. (Now on the Supreme Bench of South Carolina.)
He came to Alabama in April, 1859, and went into the office of Hon. James A.
Stallworth, where he remained until the beginning of the war. In 1860 he was
elected Colonel of the Twenty-eighth Regiment of Alabama Militia; and also 2nd
lieutenant in the "Conecuh Guards," in the summer of 1860. In January, 1861,
he went in that capacity with the company to Pensacola. When the company
returned home, and upon its reorganization, he was chosen captain, and went
with his gallant company to Virginia. Henceforth the war record of Colonel
Bowles is inseparably connected with the illustrious career of the Fourth
Alabama Infantry "of which he was the brave and faithful commander" almost
throughout the entire war. He led his regiment into the majority of the
fiercest battles fought on the soil of Virginia. The regiment belonged to the
famous brigade commanded by General Bee, who was so conspicuous at the first
battle of Manassas. It was in the battle of Seven Pines, Cold Harbor, Malvern
Hill, Second Manassas, Boonsboro, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, and Suffolk. It
joined in the invasion of Pennsylvania, and was engaged in the fierce conflict
at Gettysburg. It went with Longstreet when he was sent to reinforce Bragg in
North Georgia; it returned with him when he marched through East Tennessee,
via Knoxville. Rejoining the Army of Northern Virginia, it was engaged in the
battle of the Wilderness, and at Spottsylvania. In the operations of the
Second Cold Harbor it was again engaged; and then lay for ten months behind
the defences of Petersburg, sharing in the various movements and assaults
connected with that eventful period. And finally, with ranks depleted by death
and disability, it surrendered with the rest of the army at Appomattox Court
House, with two hundred and two men.

During this long and bloody period, Colonel Bowles was ever found at the
head of his regiment. I believe only one brief respite from service was given
him and that was on the occasion of an amorous mission to his adopted county
in February, 1863, when he was married to Miss Stearns, daughter of the late
Judge Stearns.

Though Colonel Bowles did not receive his commission as brigadier, he was
placed in the command of five regiments, near the close of the war, and a full
brigade staff ordered to report to him. When he returned to Conecuh, in 1865,
he had but fifty cents in his pocket. Without delay, he opened an office at
Sparta, and resumed the practice of law. The following year he was elected
county solicitor for Conecuh, in which position he served for a long period,
with efficiency.

Though having so eventful a record, Colonel Bowles is still comparatively a
young man. He is now a resident of Evergreen, and is a successful practitioner
of law.


This prominent young attorney was born near Bellville, on January 23rd,
1845. He was reared by his great-grandmother, Mrs. Nancy Savage, whose piety
and usefulness were proverbially known for many years, throughout Conecuh. His
course of instruction was cut short at the Bellville Academy, by enfeebled
health, when he had reached the age of fifteen, and was recuperated by active
work on the farm. When a youth of only sixteen, he enlisted in the Confederate
army, having joined the "Monroe Guards," under Capt. Giles Goode. He went with
his command to Pensacola, whence, after a brief service of three weeks, it was
ordered to Virginia. Near the close of 1861 he was prostrated by a protracted
attack of measles; he was discharged and returned to his home. The following
year he resumed his studies at the Bellville Academy, and in the fall of 1862
was entered as a cadet upon the matriculation roll of the University of
Alabama. In the early part of 1865 he graduated in the regular course of that
institution, with the exception of mathematics, and was pursuing the last
studies in that branch when he retired. His course at the University was
marked with distinction. He was appointed first a sergeant in the corps, then
promoted to a second lieutenancy, afterwards to the adjutancy, and when he
left the University he was senior 1st lieutenant. While at the University the
corps of cadets did service, as soldiers, for three weeks in Mobile, and again
at Jacksonville. In 1864, while going home upon a tour of vacation, about
fifty or sixty of the cadets reached Montgomery, where they found the city in
the midst of the most intense excitement, growing out of the threatening
demonstrations of General Rousseau. Governor Watts ordered the cadets to
remain in Montgomery and assist in its defence against Rousseau, who was then
at Chehaw. Arms having been furnished them, a soldier of the regular army was
appointed to the command, and they were permitted to elect their other
officers. Mr. Farnham was at once chosen 1st lieutenant, and the buoyant
cadets leaped upon the train and started at once for Chehaw. They were
accompanied by some regulars, who happened to have been in Montgomery at the
time, and also by some raw reserves. But for the military training and
thorough efficiency of the cadets, the entire command would have been
captured, and the city of Montgomery would have fallen. Subsequent to this,
Mr. Farnham served as adjutant in the corps of cadets, near Spanish Fort. In
the early part of 1865 he raised a cavalry company among the students of the
University, which was designed to serve as the body-guard to General Buford,
and the company left the University, to return to their homes to secure horses
and equipments; but just at this juncture the State was overrun by the Federal
troops, and before a thorough organization could be effected, the war closed.
In 1866, Captain Farnham commenced the study of law in the office of General
Martin, at Sparta, and in September, of the same year, was admitted to
practice. The first year of his legal career was spent as a partner of General
Martin, after which he practiced alone, until his late connection with M. S.
Rabb, Esq. In 1868 he was elected a member of the Executive Committee of the
Democratic Party of Conecuh, and in this capacity served without intermission,
for ten years-the last four of which he was the chairman of the committee. In
1870 he was unanimously nominated for the county solicitorship, by the
Democratic Party, but was defeated by the Radicals. In August, 1876, Captain
Farnham, underwent the greatest of all changes-the renovation of his spiritual
character. He became at once an active member of the Baptist Church at
Evergreen, and finds peculiar delight in the work pertaining to the office of
Sunday School Superintendent. In 1880 he was elected the President of the
State Sunday School Convention. During the same year he was nominated for the
Senatorship of his district, and was overwhelmingly elected-having received
the largest vote ever cast in the district, 5,435. He was sustained by both
the Democratic and Republican Parties. During the approaching session he
signalized his usefulness as a legislator, by securing the passage of a bill
providing for the humane treatment of prisoners-the proper ventilation,
heating of cells, and the proper supply of pure water for drinking purposes.
He also secured an amendment to the section of the code relating to the
regulation of the hire of convict laborers, so limiting the time as not to
remand persons to slavery under the color of law. He earnestly strove to
secure the passage of bills relative to reformation in the voting system of
Alabama. In this he encountered strong opposition in the State Senate. His
object was to secure an amendment to sections 274-276 of the code, relative to
numbering and the size of ballots. By dilatory motions and parliamentary
manoeuvring, the action upon the bills was delayed. By resolute effort he
forced a vote upon them toward the close of the session, and lacked only a few
votes of securing the passage of the bill providing for the numbering of
ballots. His speech upon the election law was published in the Montgomery
Advertiser, and won alike the approbation of the press and the people. For one
so gifted, so young, and energetic, and withal so virtuous in his life, there
is a future of the most radiant promise.

Additional Comments:
Extracted from:
History of Conecuh County, Alabama

Rev. B. F. Riley
Pastor of the Opelika Baptist Church

Columbus, Ga.;
Thos. Gilbert, Steam Printer and Book-Binder

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